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Discovery of the old stone tool rewrites the history of human civilization.

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When early humans spread across the planet absorb and replace other hominids in their wake, Neanderthals tried to stay anchored in a corner of Western Europe – the Iberian Peninsula.

As early humans spread across the planet absorbing and replacing other hominids in their wake, Neanderthals tried to remain anchored in a corner of Western Europe – the Iberian Peninsula.

Now composed of Spain and Portugal, the peninsula is considered to be the site of the last stand of Neanderthals before human preoccupation. Rather than past research results, the domination of Neanderthals in Iberia began much earlier than scientists had thought.

A study reveals that humans occupied central Portugal at this time 5,000 years earlier than the timeframe that researchers had previously established. The new chronology is based on the surprise discovery of stone tools used by modern human beings in a cave near the Atlantic Ocean.

The cave, called Lapa do Picareiro, contained stone tools for hunting and cooking similar to those discovered at other locations across Europe.

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